Archive for February, 2015

Cervical Dilation


Here’s What Happens to the Female Brain During Sex

When referring to sexual attraction, everything starts from the mind! As new research confirms, everything ends there! U.S. researchers announced that they had solved one piece of the mystery of what happens in the brain during sex by monitoring the activity of the female brain during an orgasm.

The research group from Rutgers University in New Jersey, using imaging machines, studied the brains of women during orgasm and found that different brain regions were activated depending on which body part was the source of sexual excitement.

Specifically, the scientists identified thirty different parts of the brain that were activated, including the centers responsible for emotion, touch, joy, satisfaction and memory.

“Knowing the sequence of events from stimulation to orgasm allows us to see what parts of the brain become activated and in what order. If we can compare this to the brain activity in anorgasmic women, we can see at what point their orgasm gets blocked and work out whether it’s possible to get around that block,” said Barry Komisaruk of the Rutgers University.

Two minutes before orgasm the brain centers associated with reward were activated (they also are triggered when we eat and drink). Shortly before orgasm, other brain regions were activated, such as the cortex that receives sensory messages of touch from all over the body.

The last brain area to be activated was the hypothalamus, the control center that regulates temperature, hunger, thirst and fatigue.

The researchers also found that sexual excitement numbs the female nervous system blocking the sensation of pain and leaving only that of pleasure. The research team from the Rutgers University will now attempt to map the male brain at the time of orgasm.

Moreover, the previous studies have already identified a chemical difference between men and women which causes the differences in attitude towards sex.

Researchers of the Spire Liverpool Hospital found that during sex women produce higher levels of oxytocin, the hormone that binds women emotionally to their partners. It is worth noting that this hormone is produced in the same quantities, whether it is a one night stand or a serious relationship.


In men, instead, the orgasm stimulates the nervous system to produce more dopamine, the pleasure hormone, and this surge can sometimes even be addictive.

Amazing Benefits Of Honey For Hair Growth

  1. Honey is an emollient which means it is a natural softener. This makes it a great hair conditioner that smoothens your hair.
  2. It is a natural antioxidant, so it tends to make your scalp healthy and stimulate hair growth.
  3. As honey is an emollient, it also improves the health of the hair follicles which are responsible for hair growth. Researchers say that proper use of honey of treatment of hair can waken up the sleeping hair follicles which boost the growth of hair.
  4. We all know that honey is a humectant, it tends to prevent the loss of moisture from your scalp. But honey has also high sugar content which helps to retain moisture. This as a result prevents hair fall and strengthens the hair follicles.
  5. Honey also comprises of antibacterial and antiseptic qualities too. This prevents our scalp from infections or psoriasis and tends to keep our scalp clean and bacteria-free. This also keeps us away from dandruff and itchiness on your scalp.
  1. If your hair is dry or increased pollution and direct exposure to sun as made them lifeless, then use of honey can bring back that lost sheen and shine of your hair.

Aren’t these properties just fabulous and wonderful? Honey, in real terms is a true gift of nature to us. It makes your hair follicles and scalp healthy which automatically boosts hair growth. But in order to reap maximum benefits from it, you need use it in some preferred and tested ways only. Here are some best ways to use honey for boosting your hair growth and fighting the problem of hair loss.

How to Use Honey for Hair Growth?

  1. Take 1 tbsp of honey. Add it to your shampoo or apply it directly on your scalp. Wear a shower cap over your hair for 20 – 30 minutes. Wash it off properly using lukewarm water. You are advised to do this at least twice a week.
  2. Another easy way to use honey for hair growth is to mix 9 parts of it with 1 part of water in a bowl. Massage it on your scalp properly. Cover all your hair from root to top. Let it work for 3 hours. Now rinse it off with warm water. Repeat this once a week.
  3. Honey and oil hair treatment is also very effective. You need to take 2 tbsp of honey and mix it with 1 tbsp of extra virgin olive oil in a microwaveable dish. Mix them properly using a spoon. Microwave the mixture for 30 seconds. Now keep it aside and allow it to cool for a minute. Now apply throughout your hair. Massage it into your scalp. Try to cover your hair from tip to root. Cover it using a shower cap. Let it develop for 30 minutes. Now wash it off using normal to cold water.

Effective Tips To Eat Healthy And Cheap

Many people say that healthy eating is costly! Now that is a lame excuse! Eating unhealthy, processed food is easy, but in no way, it is cheaper than eating healthy! Eating healthy does not mean gorging on protein and other supplements, special fruits and vegetables and the like, which surely burn holes in your pockets.

Healthy eating means eating things, which are healthy. And one need not splurge on the above mentioned items to eat healthy. Eating healthy is cheaper than you think! It includes fruits, vegetables, pulses, cereals etc. It may cost more than a fast food item by cost per calorie, but when considered the cost per weight, per serving, per portion, vegetables and fruits are sure to win. Processed foods and products, which have added sweeteners and higher fat content are cheaper than the whole fruits and vegetables, fresh whole-grain breads, lean meats and seafood, which have high mineral content.

To eat healthy and cheap, one needs to do proper planning. Pan a week’s worth of meal schedules. Decide what ingredients you need; where to buy those from—all these details will help you budget your meal plans better.

How to eat healthy for cheap? Here are some simple tips to help you eat healthy without emptying your pocket!

  1. Super markets offer the solution to all your needs. But, when it is about fruits and vegetables, the local fruit and vegetable vendors offer better options. They sell fruits and veggies at a lesser price. The items are also fresh and preservative-free.
  2. Another important thing is to eat home-made food. It is fresh, nutritious, and preservative-free. At the same time, it costs less.
  3. We should carry some fruits and water every time we leave home. Anytime you are hungry, you can reach for fresh snacks and water instead of spending money.
  4. Buying items in bulk also saves money. And when you have a pantry full of supplies, you’ll be less tempted to spend money on junk food.
  5. Eating less of meat and other non-vegetarian items goes well both on our wallets and health. So, one should restrict non-vegetarian food to 2 days a week and enjoy pure vegetarian diet on the remaining days.
  6. Seasonal fruits and vegetables are tasty and healthy. Splurging on fresh seasonal fruits and veggies is better than spending double the amount on its dried and canned versions. Dry fruits and vegetables contain half of the nutrition of their fresh version. They are also loaded with preservatives and calories. And buying fruits and vegetables in the offseason costs more.
  7. Mostly, it is the economically downtrodden that have to resort to unhealthy food options. Corner stores selling cheap and unhealthy foods are preferred over fresh fruits and veggies due to money constraints and availability issues.

The calorie laden processed foods contribute to obesity, premature aging, high cholesterol level, heart disease, hypertension, and even cancer! So, if you add the cost of junk food with medical expense, you’ll end up spending more on junk food than on healthy food.

It is certainly cheaper to avoid the diseases and remain healthy by eating more fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. And if you want to save money, be smart and follow the tips mentioned above. But no amount of money is worth risking your health, right? So, eat healthy, stay healthy!

California lawmakers want to repeal ‘personal beliefs’ exemption

Two state senators in California are proposing legislation that would eliminate the “personal beliefs” exemption for parents who don’t want their children to be vaccinated.

Dr. Richard Pan and Ben Allen’s announcement came on the day the state of California announced the number of measles cases had grown to 99. Many of those cases are tied to an outbreak at Disneyland in mid-December.

The comparatively large number of cases in California this year and in the United States the past year have sparked debate over whether unvaccinated children should be allowed in public school.

Dr. Sanjay Gupta: Vaccines are a matter of fact

California allows exemptions from vaccinations for medical reasons and “personal beliefs,” and parents have been using them.

“As a pediatrician I have personally witnessed children suffering lifelong injury or death from vaccine-preventable infection,” said Pan, who also wrote the California law that requires people who want to file a personal exemption to consult a doctor.

He said the proposed bill would focus on vaccinations required to attend school.

“We’re not reaching sufficient immunization rates and we want to reach the rates necessary to protect the public from those diseases,” he told reporters in Sacramento.

CNN affiliate KTLA reported several members of the California State Assembly will be co-authors of the bill.

Measles outbreak: Different states, different rules on vaccinations

Measles starts with a fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes and sore throat. For most people, it doesn’t get much worse than that — and yet one out of every 20 children with measles also contract pneumonia, and one or two out of every 1,000 children with the disease die from it, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

While once widespread in the United States, cases dropped significantly because of vaccines. In 2000, health authorities declared that measles had been eliminated in the United States, which meant it was no longer native to the United States but continued to be brought in by international travelers.

On Monday, a Southern California day care shut down because an infant there — who is too young to be vaccinated — contracted measles.

The Samohi Infant Toddler Center inside Santa Monica High School, a facility for 24 children of students and staff members, closed Monday after it was learned that a baby under 12 months old being cared for there had measles. It’s not clear when, where or how the child got the disease.

Unintended consequences: Why painkiller addicts turn to heroin

Original article by: Dr. Sanjay Gupta, CNN Chief Medical Correspondent  Source: CNN Health

The face of heroin abuse in America is changing.

Back in the 1960s, heroin users were usually young men, who started using around an average age of 16. They were most likely from low-income neighborhoods, and when they turned to opiates, heroin was their first choice.

Now, more than 50 years later, a study from JAMA paints a very different picture.

Today’s typical heroin addict starts using at 23, is more likely to live in the affluent suburbs and was likely unwittingly led to heroin through painkillers prescribed by his or her doctor.

While heroin is illicit and opioid pills such as oxycontin are FDA-approved, each is derived from the poppy plant. Their chemical structures are highly similar and they bind to the same group of receptors in the brain. (A few opioids, like fentanyl, are totally synthetic but designed to bind with those same receptors).

In any case, the various drugs produce the same result: an increase in pain tolerance and a sense of euphoria, along with drowsiness, occasional nausea and, at higher doses, a slowing of the user’s breathing.

All these drugs trigger “tolerance” — the need to take higher doses for the same effect — and a craving for the drug in its absence.

It is precisely because there are so many similarities that pain pill addicts frequently turn to heroin when pills are no longer available to them.

Heroin is usually cheaper than prescription drugs. Opiate pain medications cost the uninsured about $1 per milligram; so a 60-milligram pill will cost $60. You can obtain the equivalent amount of heroin for about one-tenth the price.

This may be news to you, but it’s likely not to some of your neighbors, friends and family members.

Last year, the Carolinas Medical Center in Charlotte spent time trying to better understand the patients who were coming into detox for heroin. What they found were cops, lawyers, nurses and ministers who came from some of the best neighborhoods in the area.

Most of them shared a common story: “We used to take pills, but now we inject heroin.”

For years, we have been railing about the flagrant abuse of pain pills in the United States. Former President Bill Clinton called me a couple years ago after he lost two friends to accidental prescription drug overdose. As we dug into the issue together, we were stunned to learn 80% of the world’s pain pills are consumed in the United States, which has just 5% of the world’s population.

As a result, accidental prescription drug overdose is now the leading cause of acute preventable death for Americans. Someone dies in this manner every 19 minutes. That is more deaths than from car accidents.

The response to these tragic statistics has been gratifying and effective, but somewhat shortsighted.

Doctors have been less willing to prescribe medications, especially in states like Florida, formerly known for its pill mills, where tighter restrictions on prescribers led to a 23% drop in overdose deaths between 2010 and 2012.

The drugs themselves have been tweaked as well. In August 2010, an abuse deterrent version of Oxycontin was released to great fanfare. It was reformulated so it could not as easily be crushed or solubilized so abusers would have a difficult time injecting or snorting it. Within two years, the choice of oxycontin as a drug of abuse went from 35.6% to 12.8%.

That was the good news. The bad news is that the same study showed heroin use nearly doubled.

It became apparent that drug abusers weren’t going to stop as a result of government crackdowns or new technologies. They were simply morphing into people who abused other drugs.

Oxycontin used to be called the hillbilly heroin. Society and technology helped fix that problem. But addicts started turning back to real heroin instead.

A spokeswoman with the National Institute on Drug Abuse told us recently that nearly half of young people who inject heroin say they abused prescription opioids before turning to the illegal drug.

The headlines are horrifying and for good reason. The abuse of opiate pills and heroin are both taking a tremendous toll on the United States.

They are leading to increased crime, decreased productivity and they’re stealing the lives of too many people. While it is nearly impossible to pit one evil against another, it is important to remember that heroin, as a street drug, is unregulated, often impure and usually injected.

As a result, heroin users suffer from collapsed veins, abscesses, infections of the heart lining and valves, and rheumatological diseases. From sharing needles, they are more likely to suffer from HIV, Hepatitis and other blood diseases.

And just like their pill popping counterparts, they die of overdose in shocking numbers.

Some countries are more willing than the United States to pursue a strategy of harm reduction — that is, to steer addicts away from the most dangerous types of behavior. A number of countries have implemented programs that actually provide heroin to addicts; some studies (PDF) show that doing so improves addicts’ health and reduces their use of other illicit drugs.

Marijuana laws may reduce painkiller deaths

Yet in general, the U.S. strategy has not been harm reduction, but to target users and doctors.

While all of this was unexpected, it was likely also predictable. Medication or drugs aren’t the problem; it’s the intrinsic behavior of human beings. We don’t need to treat the drugs we are taking; we need to treat the drug addiction we are suffering.

Like the people who take the pills in the first place, society wanted a quick fix. Instead of treating the core cause of drug addiction, we implemented blanket policies to restrict the medications, alter them and place them increasingly out of reach. Yet human beings are smart, and it was easy to reach for something on a lower shelf, more easily accessible.

Make no mistake, the crackdown on opiates was a good thing, but there have been unintended consequences.

On one side, patients with legitimate pain have been caught in the crossfire, easily dismissed as malingerers and unable to get relief. On the other side, abusers have become more creative, turning to heroin to feed their addiction.

We must work to make sure treatment for drug addiction is a pillar of drug policy in the United States. We already know that it can work at levels similar to the effects of treatment of other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension and asthma.

Good doctors don’t focus on the symptoms of a disease; they want to ultimately treat the disease itself. If we do the same here, we can rid America of this awful drug habit, and save many lives in the process.